Pitts Theology Library | Archives and Manuscripts

Henry Edward Manning Papers, 1826-1901, MSS 002

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Abstract: The Personal Papers of Henry Edward Manning (1822-1892) by no means cover every aspect and accomplishment by Cardinal Manning. Nevertheless they provide evidence that is necessary to understand many of the important events in his life: his conversion to Catholicism, his leading role in the adoption of the doctrine of papal infallibility, and the active part he took in effecting social change in England.

It is clear that Manning was devoted both to the Roman Catholic Church and to England. These two devotions were integrated and interacting. Often this integration was expressed in his sermons, speeches, and articles. His sermons were at times on topics such as education and poverty and his views on labor were within the context of his Christianity. For this reason no attempt has been made to divide them into secular and ecclesiastical subjects. For further information, please consult the finding aid.




Correspondence with Lady Alexander

Letter, dated April 20, 1877
Transcription

Letter, dated July 13, 1877
Transcription

Letter, dated May 18, 1879
Transcription

Letter, dated March 9, 1885
Transcription


Correspondence with Reverend Arthur Baker

Letter, dated September 6, 1850
Transcription

Letter, dated February 18, 1882
Transcription

Letter, dated September 10, 1885
Transcription


Correspondence with Henry Brougham, Baron Brougham
and Vaux, Lord Brougham


Letter, dated December 5, 1861
Transcription


Correspondence with Mary C. Byles (Mrs. Coventry Patmore)

Letter, dated July 29, 1841

Letter, dated Ash Wednesday (February 5), 1845

Letter, dated Feast of St. Matthias (February 24), 1845

Letter, dated First Sunday after Easter (March 30), 1845

Letter, dated April 1, 1845

Letter, dated Eve of St. John the Baptist (June 23), 1845

Letter, dated July 24, 1845

Letter, dated August 3, 1845

Letter, dated February 18, 1847

Letter, dated April 15, 1847

Letter, dated Whit Tuesday (May 25), 1847

Letter, dated July 28, 1848

Letter, dated November 27, 1848

Letter, dated Feast of the Circumcision (January 1), 1849

Letter, dated January 4, 1849

Letter, dated March 28, 1859

Letter, dated April 14, 1859

Letter, dated July 27, 1859

Letter, dated August 1, 1859

Letter, dated August 8, 1859

Letter, dated March 4, 1860

Letter, dated March 22, 1860

Letter, dated November 28, 1860

Letter, dated March 1, 1861

Letter, dated May 13, 1861

Letter, dated December 3, 1861

Letter, dated 1861

Letter, dated May 10, 1862

Letter, dated June 13, 1864

Letter, dated February 16, 1865

Letter, dated May 5, 1865

Letter, dated May 8, 1865

Letter, dated August 10, 1865

Letter, dated October 31, 1865

Letter, dated June 29, 1866

Letter, dated September 11, 1866

Letter, dated November 7, 1866

Letter, dated July 23, 1867

Letter, dated November 7, 1867

Letter, dated February 14, 1868

Letter, dated July 20, 1868

Letter, dated November 6, 1868

Letter, dated November 24, 1868

Letter, dated March 16, 1869

Letter, dated July 3, 1869

Letter, dated February 12, 1870

Letter, dated February 2, 1872

Letter, dated September 4, 1872

Letter, dated June 28, 1875

Letter, dated July 16, 1875

Letter, dated February 14, 1876

Letter, dated February 21, 1876

Letter, dated April 13, 1876

Letter, dated April 23, 1877

Letter, dated July 23, 1887

Letter, dated November 7, 1887


Correspondence with Mr. Campbell

Letter, dated October 25, 1877

Letter, dated July 3, 1878

Letter, dated October 20, 1879
Transcription

Letter, dated October 24, 1879
Transcription

Letter, dated November 7, 1879

Letter, dated December 7, 1879

Letter, dated December 27, 1879

Letter, dated October 10, 1880


Correspondence with William Gladstone

William Gladstone
Letter, dated February 17, 1837

Letter, dated March 30, 1837

Letter, dated April, 1837

Letter, dated April 4, 1837

Letter, dated April 28, 1837

Letter, dated July 27, 1837

Letter, dated September 21, 1837

Letter, dated October 20, 1837

Letter, dated November 11, 1837

Letter, dated November 22, 1837

Letter, dated December 5, 1837


Correspondence with Mr. Charles Kent

Letter, dated February 27, 1865

Letter, dated November 1, 1880

Letter, dated December 26, 1880


Correspondence with Mrs. William Manning

Letter, dated November 9, 1883
Transcription

Letter, dated January 23, 1884
Transcription

Letter, dated January 31, 1884
Transcription
Letter, dated March 17, 1884
Transcription

Letter, dated January 1, 1885
Transcription

Letter, dated June 18, 1885
Transcription

Letter, dated August 13, 1885
Transcription
Letter, dated August 21, 1885
Transcription

Letter, dated September 26, 1886

Letter, dated October 28, 1886

Letter, dated January 2, 1888

Letter, dated January 26, 1889
Transcription


Correspondence with Merivale

Letter, dated January 26, 1855

Letter, dated February 5, 1855

Letter, dated May 15, 1867


Correspondence with Wilfrid Meynell

Envelope, unkown date, 1885

Letter, dated October 28, 1885

Letter, dated July 1, 1887


Correspondence with Florence Nightingale

Florence Nightingale
Letter, dated June 28, 1852
Transcription

Letter, dated June 29, 1852
Transcription

Letter, dated June 30, 1852
Transcription

Letter, dated July 7, 1852
Transcription

Letter, dated July 13, 1852
Transcription

Letter, dated July 15, 1852
Transcription

Letter, dated July 22, 1852
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Letter, dated August 18, 1852
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Letter, dated August 19, 1852
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Letter, dated August 30, 1852
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Letter, dated September 7, 1852
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Letter, dated September 28, 1852
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Letter, dated 1852
Transcription

Letter, dated 1852
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Letter, dated August 21, 1853
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Letter, dated July 8, 1854
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Letter, dated June 7, 1858
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Letter, dated June 9, 1858
Transcription


Correspondence with Coventry Patmore

Letter, dated April 16, 1882
Transcription

Letter, dated June 15, 1883
Transcription

Letter, dated June 18, 1883
Transcription

Letter, dated March 13, 1899
Transcription

Letter, dated March 15, 1899
Transcription

Letter, dated April 5, 1899
Transcription


Correspondence with Talbot

Letter, dated February 18, 1865

Letter, dated March 14, 1865

Letter, dated December 20, 1867

Letter, dated September 29, 1868


General correspondence

Letter to Reverend Harry Smith, dated February 8, 1826
Transcription

Letter to J. Hering, dated October 27, 1831
Transcription

Letter to John Pearson, dated November 5, 1839
Transcription

Letter, dated September 5, 1842
Transcription

Letter, dated January 24, 1843
Transcription

Letter, dated March 21, 1843
Transcription

Letter, dated April 9, 1843
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Letter, dated October 20, 1843
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Letter, dated April 24, 1844
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Letter, dated May 3, 1844
Transcription

Letter, dated June 6, 1844
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Letter, dated January 26, 1845
Transcription

Letter, dated July 9, 1845
Transcription

Letter, dated July 29, 1845
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Letter, dated August 5, 1845
Transcription

Letter, dated January 28, 1846
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Letter, dated March 31, 1846
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Letter, dated April 16, 1846
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Letter, dated June 12, 1846
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Letter, dated June 23, 1846
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Letter, dated October 15, 1846
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Letter, dated March 6, 1847
Transcription

Letter, dated March 16, 1847
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Letter, dated August 6, 1847
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Letter, dated October 4, 1847
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Letter, dated January 5, 1848
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Letter, dated October 17, 1848
Transcription

Letter, dated April 3, 1849
Transcription

Letter, dated April 19, 1849
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Letter, dated April 26, 1849
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Letter, dated October 15, 1849
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Letter, dated November 9, 1849
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Letter, dated November 17, 1849
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Letter, dated November 29, 1849
Transcription

Letter, dated Eve of St. Andrews (November 29), 1849
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Letter, dated February 26, 1850
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Letter, dated August 21, 1850
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Letter, dated April 11, 1853
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Letter, dated November 20, 1854
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Letter, dated February 9, 1855
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Letter, dated November 22, 1855
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Letter, dated December 11, 1855
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Letter, unkown date, 1857
Transcription

Letter, dated March 14, 1857
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Letter, dated June 20, 1857
Transcription

Letter from George J. Wigley to Cardinal Manning, dated June 30, 1857
Transcription

Letter, dated July 28, 1857
Transcription

Letter, dated May 14, 1858

Letter, dated July 25, 1859
Transcription

Letter, dated January 30, 1860
Transcription

Letter, dated June 22, 1860
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Letter, dated January 24, 1863
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Letter, dated October 2, 1863
Transcription

Telegraph from Marquise Clair Antici Mattey to Manning, dated June 18, 1871
Transcription

Letter, dated December 2, unknown year
Transcription

Letter, unknown date
Transcription


Catholic Sermons of Henry Edward Manning

Sermon, titled "A Life of Prayer, A Life of Peace"
Transcription

Sermon, titled "Obedience The Only Reality"

Sermon, titled "Self Deceit"

Sermon, titled "Sins of Inferiority"

Sermon, titled "The Cross The Measure of Life"
Transcription

Sermon, titled "The Good Shepherd"

Sermon, titled "The Nature and Limits of Temptation"
Transcription

Sermon, titled "The Sins that Follow Us"
Transcription

Sermon, titled "The Snare of the World and the Drawing of Christ"

Sermon, titled "The True Sheep"
Transcription

Sermon, titled "Who Founded the Devotion to the Blessed Virgin"


Oversized material

Paper on the Act of 1870 regarding education
Transcription

Eminentissime Princeps

Photo of the Fourth Provincial Council of Westminster

Newspaper article about the Gordon Memorial

A supplement to the Jewish Chronicle

Paper on the London strike and the poltical economy
Transcription

Manning's obituary

Photo of Manning

Paper on national workshops

Paper on outdoor relief

Paper on papal infallibility

Letter Regarding the persecuted Jews in Russia

A Pleading for the Worthless

Paper on religious belief

Chart of the Bishops

Paper on unemployment


Biographical Sketch

Henry Edward Manning (July 15, 1808 - January 14, 1892) was one of the most influential English Roman Catholic figures of his time. From his ordination in the Church of England in 1832, through his conversion to Catholicism in 1851, and to his death in 1892, his words and actions were powerful influences in England and in the Roman Catholic Church.

Manning was born the youngest son of William Manning and his second wife Mary (Hunter) Manning in Totteridge, Hertfordshire, England on July 15, 1808. His father was a wealthy West India merchant who held a Tory seat in Parliament from 1794 to 1830. Manning spent much of his youth at Coomb Bank, Sundridge, Kent, where he became a close friend of Charles and Christopher Wordsworth, later Bishops of St. Andrews and Lincoln. Befitting his father's position and influence, he attended Harrow Public School and in 1827 matriculated at Balliol College, Oxford. While at Oxford Manning developed close friendships with William Gladstone and James Hope (later Hope-Scott). He proved himself a distinguished speaker in the Oxford Union, serving as President in 1829 (Gladstone succeeded Manning as President). On December 2, 1830 he took a first-class degree in classics.

Manning's early ambition was a career in politics and with that goal in mind he assumed, through the Viscount Goderich, a post as supernumerary clerk in the colonial office. In 1832, he gave up his post and his political ambitions, due primarily to his father's substantial business losses, and resolved to pursue a clerical career. He returned to Oxford where he was elected a fellow at Merton College on April 27, 1832. Manning was ordained on December 23, 1832.

In 1833, Manning assumed a post as curate to the Reverend John Sargent, rector of Lavington-with-Graffham in Sussex. In that same year, following the death of the Reverend Sargent, Manning was appointed rector at Lavington and Graffham. On December 7, 1833 he married Caroline Sargent, third daughter of the late Reverends Sargent. The ceremony was presided over by the bride's brother-in-law Samuel Wilberforce, later successively bishop of Oxford and Winchester. On July 24 1837, shortly after Manning's appointment to the second rural deanery of Midhurst, Caroline died.

Though not directly involved with the Oxford or tractarian movement, Manning's own sentiments were increasingly High Church in character. He was a frequent critic of the social evils of his day such as abuses of wealth, poverty of the agricultural poor, and the lack of educational access for the poor and the new middle classes. In 1838, he took a leading role in the Church education movement. He was firmly convinced that a National system of clerically controlled education should be established. In December 1838, Manning and Gladstone visited Rome, where they met with Nicholas Wiseman (later Cardinal and Archbishop at Westminster) at the Vatican's English College.

By January 1841, Manning had been appointed archdeacon by Bishop Shuttleworth of Chichester. In 1842, he published The Unity of the Church a piece intended to compliment and to an extent correct, Gladstone's The State in It's Relations with the Church. That same year he was named select preacher at Oxford, where he came into close contact with the leaders of the Oxford Movement including: John Henry Newman (later Cardinal), William Ward, and Edward Bouverie Pusey. At that time Manning remained firmly a High Church Anglican, with no Roman Catholic sympathies. His anti-papal Gunpowder Plot sermon, given at St. Mary's on Guy Fawkes' Day, November 5, 1843, deeply grieved Newman, who by that time had strong Roman Catholic leanings.

When Newman and Ward converted to Roman Catholicism in 1845, Manning became one of the acknowledged leaders of the High Church Movement. However, during that period he was most closely associated with Gladstone and James Hope (later Hope-Scott). Following a serious illness in the Spring of 1847, Manning made an extended trip to the continent, traveling through Belgium and Germany on his way to Italy. While in Rome he met with Newman and had two audiences with Pope Pius IX. The trip left him favorably impressed with the vitality of the Roman Catholic Church in Europe.

On his return to England, Manning found the Anglican Church in disarray and deeply divided over the appointment of Renn Dickson Hampden to the See of Hereford. He quickly assumed a leadership role in the movement to protest that appointment. Manning's name headed the lists of Anglican clergy in opposition which appeared in the newspapers. Following the Hampden controversy, and through the influence of his brother-in-law Samuel Wilberforce, Manning was offered the position of sub-almoner to Queen Victoria, an assignment recognized as a steppingstone to the episcopal bench. He respectfully refused the position.

On March 8, 1850, the Gorham Judgment, handed down by the judicial committee of the privy council, ordered the Bishop of Exeter to install George C. Gorham in the livings at Brampford Speke. The judgment was issued despite the Bishop's concerns about Gorham, a Calvinist theologian, and his views on Baptismal regeneration. Manning saw this as a clear case of governmental interference in a wholly spiritual matter. He saw the issue as vital to the church, and worked vigorously to have the judgment over turned. After failing to have the judgment overturned he attempted to resolve the issue through legislation.